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A cross-level model of team-level psychological capital (PsyCap) and individual- and team-level outcomes

Dawkins, S ORCID: 0000-0002-4073-6907, Martin, A ORCID: 0000-0003-0109-1218, Scott, JL ORCID: 0000-0002-6955-4015, Sanderson, K and Schuz, B 2018 , 'A cross-level model of team-level psychological capital (PsyCap) and individual- and team-level outcomes' , Journal of Management & Organization , pp. 1-20 , doi:

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Psychological capital (PsyCap) is a higher-order construct reflecting the psychological resources of hope, efficacy, resilience and optimism. This study adopted a multilevel approach to investigate relationships between team-level PsyCap and team- and individual-level outcomes. We also compared two compositional models of aggregation to represent team-level PsyCap. Findings revealed significant associations between team-level PsyCap and team- (performance and satisfaction) and individual-level (job satisfaction, turnover intent) outcomes, particularly when a referent-shift model of aggregation was employed. We also investigated PsyCap strength to explore the degree to which team member consensus regarding PsyCap perceptions may moderate these relationships. We found that team PsyCap strength had a significant influence in the prediction of most outcomes. Our findings emphasize the importance of fostering team-level positivity, as the benefits of team-level PsyCap can operate at both the individual- and team-level. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed, along with avenues for future research.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Dawkins, S and Martin, A and Scott, JL and Sanderson, K and Schuz, B
Keywords: teams, multilevel, Psychological Capital, team performance, job satisfaction, turnover Intent
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Management & Organization
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 1833-3672
DOI / ID Number:
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© 2018 Cambridge University Press and Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management

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