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Does contract farming improve profits and food safety? Evidence from tomato cultivation in Nepal

Kumar, A, Roy, D, Tripathi, G, Joshi, PK and Adhikari, RP ORCID: 0000-0002-1426-0570 2018 , 'Does contract farming improve profits and food safety? Evidence from tomato cultivation in Nepal' , Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, vol. 8, no. 3 , pp. 603-624 , doi: 10.1108/JADEE-09-2017-0095.

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the benefits of contract farming (CF) on farmers’ income and adoption of food safety measures (FSMs) at the farm level. The paper also investigates the determinants of participation in CF. Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on a survey of 600 tomato farmers from Nepal. Descriptive statistics, regression analysis (using instrumental variable) and propensity score matching have been used to accomplish the objectives of the study.Findings: The study found that the CF ensures higher returns to farmers as well as higher adoption of FSMs at the farm level. The contract farmers earned about 38 per cent higher net returns and had 38 per cent higher adoption of FSM as compared to independent farmers. Caste, occupation, farm size and cropping intensity significantly affected farmers’ participation in CF.Research limitations/implications: The analysis based on cross-section data has limitations to consider unobserved farmer-level individual heterogeneity.Originality/value: This study will provide an empirical base to promote CF in Nepal. The study will also contribute to bridge the gap in literature on the drivers of CF and its impact on smallholders’ income and compliance with FSM in Nepal.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Kumar, A and Roy, D and Tripathi, G and Joshi, PK and Adhikari, RP
Keywords: contract farming, tomato, income, food safety measures, Nepal
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies
Publisher: Emerald publishing Limited
ISSN: 2044-0839
DOI / ID Number: 10.1108/JADEE-09-2017-0095
Copyright Information:

© Emerald Publishing Limited 2018

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