Open Access Repository

Global observations of horizontal mixing from Argo float and surface drifter trajectories

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Roach, CJ ORCID: 0000-0002-1487-1363, Balwada, D and Speer, K 2018 , 'Global observations of horizontal mixing from Argo float and surface drifter trajectories' , Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 123, no. 7 , pp. 4560-4575 , doi: 10.1029/2018JC013750.

[img]
Preview
PDF (final published version)
126945 Roach_et...pdf | Download (2MB)

| Preview

Abstract

Mixing by mesoscale eddies in the ocean plays a major role in setting the distribution of oceanic tracers, with important implications for physical and biochemical systems at local to global scales. Roach et al. (2016; https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011440) demonstrated that a two‐particle analysis of Argo trajectories produces robust estimates of horizontal mixing in the Southern Ocean. Here we extend this analysis to produce global 1° × 1° maps of eddy diffusivity at the nominal Argo parking depth of 1,000 m. We also applied this methodology to estimate surface eddy diffusivities from Global Drifter Program (GDP) surface drifters. The global mean eddy diffusivity was 543 ± 155 m2/s at 1,000 m and 2637 ± 311 m2/s at the surface, with elevated diffusivities in regions of enhanced eddy kinetic energy, such as western boundary currents and along the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. The eddy kinetic energy at the equator is high at both the surface and depth, but the eddy diffusivity is only enhanced near the surface. At depth the eddy diffusivity is strongly suppressed due to the presence of mean flow. We used our observational estimates to test the validity of an eddy diffusivity parameterization that accounts for mixing suppression in the presence of zonal mean flows. Our results indicated that this parameterization generally agrees with the directly observed eddy diffusivities in the midlatitude and high‐latitude oceans.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Roach, CJ and Balwada, D and Speer, K
Keywords: eddy, mixing, eddy diffusivity, Argo
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.
ISSN: 2169-9275
DOI / ID Number: 10.1029/2018JC013750
Copyright Information:

©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP