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Swart, S, Johnson, K, Mazloff, MR, Meijers, A, Meredith, MP, Newman, L ORCID: 0000-0001-9523-8713 and Sallee, J-B 2018 , 'Southern Ocean' , Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 99, no. 8 , S185-190 , doi: 10.1175/2018BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

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Abstract

In the climate system, the Southern Ocean is disproportionately important when it comes to its storage of heat and carbon. Modification of the upper Southern Ocean could have significant implications for the rate and magnitude of air–sea fluxes (of heat and carbon) and for the ventilation of the ocean interior, thereby altering the effects of climate warming on the ocean system as a whole. Here, we evaluate the state of the Southern Ocean in 2017 by first assessing the upper ocean as the interface between the atmosphere and ocean interior. We then discuss the changes in intermediate to deep water masses, which are critical pathways to moving heat and carbon to the ocean interior where it will (in general) remain for decades to centuries. Lastly, we report on the status of ocean acidification in the Southern Ocean using newly available biogeochemical observations.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Swart, S and Johnson, K and Mazloff, MR and Meijers, A and Meredith, MP and Newman, L and Sallee, J-B
Keywords: Southern Ocean, climate
Journal or Publication Title: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Publisher: Amer Meteorological Soc
ISSN: 0003-0007
DOI / ID Number: 10.1175/2018BAMSStateoftheClimate.1
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. All AMS journals and monograph publications are registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (http://www.copyright.com). Questions about permission to use materials for which AMS holds the copyright can also be directed to permissions@ametsoc.org. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement, available on the AMS website (http://www.ametsoc.org/CopyrightInformation).

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