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Predictors of pain severity trajectory in older adults: a 10.7-year follow-up study

Pan, F ORCID: 0000-0002-3403-0094, Tian, J ORCID: 0000-0001-7746-7782, Aitken, D ORCID: 0000-0001-5685-7634, Cicuttini, F and Jones, G ORCID: 0000-0002-9814-0006 2018 , 'Predictors of pain severity trajectory in older adults: a 10.7-year follow-up study' , Osteoarthritis and Cartilage , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.08.002.

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Abstract

Objectives: To identify distinct pain trajectories over 10.7 years and to examine predictors of identified pain trajectories in an older population and those with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (ROA).Methods: 963 participants (aged 50-80 years) from a population-based cohort had baseline demographic, psychological, lifestyle and comorbidities data collected. T1-and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the right knee was performed to measure knee structural pathology-cartilage defects, bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and effusion-synovitis. Group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) was applied to identify trajectories of knee pain over 10.7 years measured by Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC).Results: Three distinct pain trajectories were defined: 'Minimal pain' (n = 501, 52%), 'Mild pain' (n = 329, 34%) and 'Moderate pain' (n = 165, 14%). In multivariable analysis, having cartilage defects, BMLs and effusion-synovitis were associated with an increased risk of being in the 'Mild pain' (relative risk [RR]: 1.40 to 1.92) and 'Moderate pain' trajectory (RR: 1.72 to 2.26), compared with the 'Minimal pain' trajectory. Being obese and having more painful sites were associated with 'Mild pain' and 'Moderate pain' trajectories, while unemployment, lower education level and presence of emotional problems were associated with 'Moderate pain' trajectory group. Similar results were found for those with ROA.Conclusion: Distinct pain trajectories identified suggest that homogeneous subgroups exist, which might be useful for phenotypic assessment for pain management, particularly in knee osteoarthritis. Structural pathology was associated with worse pain trajectories, suggesting that peripheral stimuli are critical for the development and maintenance of pain severity. Environmental and psychological factors may exacerbate pain perception.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pan, F and Tian, J and Aitken, D and Cicuttini, F and Jones, G
Keywords: knee osteoarthritis, MRI, pain, risk factor, trajectory
Journal or Publication Title: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Publisher: W B Saunders Co Ltd
ISSN: 1063-4584
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.08.002
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Osteoarthritis Research Society

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