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Differentiating knee pain phenotypes in older adults: a prospective cohort study

Pan, F ORCID: 0000-0002-3403-0094, Tian, J ORCID: 0000-0001-7746-7782, Cicuttini, F, Jones, G ORCID: 0000-0002-9814-0006 and Aitken, D ORCID: 0000-0001-5685-7634 2018 , 'Differentiating knee pain phenotypes in older adults: a prospective cohort study' , Rheumatology , pp. 1-10 , doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/key299.

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Abstract

Objective: To identify and validate knee pain phenotypes in an older population across different pain-related domains over 10.7 years.Methods: A total of 963 participants (mean age 63 years) from a population-based older adult cohort study were studied at baseline and followed up at 2.6 (n = 875), 5.1 (n = 768) and 10.7 years (n = 563). Baseline demographic, psychological, lifestyle and comorbidities data were obtained and MRI was performed to measure knee structural pathology. WOMAC pain and pain at multiple sites were assessed by questionnaires at each time-point. Latent class analysis was used to identify knee pain phenotypes, considering sex, BMI, emotional problems, education level, comorbidities, number of painful sites and knee structural pathology.Results: Three pain phenotypes were identified: Class 1: high prevalence of emotional problems and low prevalence of structural damage (25%); Class 2: high prevalence of structural damage and low prevalence of emotional problems (20%); Class 3: low prevalence of emotional problems and low prevalence of structural damage (55%). Participants within Class 1 and 2 had greater BMI, more comorbidities, a higher prevalence of radiographic knee OA and knee structural pathology compared with Class 3. Furthermore, compared with Class 2 and 3, WOMAC pain and number of painful sites were consistently greater at each time-point over 10.7 years in Class 1. Results were similar when the analyses were restricted to participants with radiographic knee OA.Conclusion: Psychological and structural factors interact with each other to exacerbate pain perception, suggesting that tailored treatment approaches for older people with knee pain in clinical practice are needed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pan, F and Tian, J and Cicuttini, F and Jones, G and Aitken, D
Keywords: knee osteoarthritis, pain, phenotypes, older adult, longitudinal study
Journal or Publication Title: Rheumatology
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
ISSN: 1462-0324
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/rheumatology/key299
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 the authors

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