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Dynamic models of choice

Heathcote, A ORCID: 0000-0003-4324-5537, Lin, YS, Reynolds, A, Strickland, L ORCID: 0000-0002-6071-6022, Gretton, M and Matzke, D 2018 , 'Dynamic models of choice' , Behavior research methods , pp. 1-25 , doi: 10.3758/s13428-018-1067-y.

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Abstract

Parameter estimation in evidence-accumulation models of choice response times is demanding of both the data and the user. Weoutline how to fit evidence-accumulation models using the flexible, open-source, R-based Dynamic Models of Choice (DMC)software. DMC provides a hands-on introduction to the Bayesian implementation of two popular evidence-accumulation models:the diffusion decision model (DDM) and the linear ballistic accumulator (LBA). It enables individual and hierarchical estimation,as well as assessment of the quality of a model’s parameter estimates and descriptive accuracy. First, we introduce the basicconcepts of Bayesian parameter estimation, guiding the reader through a simple DDM analysis. We then illustrate the challengesof fitting evidence-accumulation models using a set of LBA analyses. We emphasize best practices in modeling and discuss theimportance of parameter- and model-recovery simulations, exploring the strengths and weaknesses of models in differentexperimental designs and parameter regions. We also demonstrate how DMC can be used to model complex cognitive processes,using as an example a race model of the stop-signal paradigm, which is used to measure inhibitory ability. We illustrate theflexibility of DMC by extending this model to account for mixtures of cognitive processes resulting from attention failures. Wethen guide the reader through the practical details of a Bayesian hierarchical analysis, from specifying priors to obtainingposterior distributions that encapsulate what has been learned from the data. Finally, we illustrate how the Bayesian approachleads to a quantitatively cumulative science, showing how to use posterior distributions to specify priors that can be used toinform the analysis of future experiments.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Heathcote, A and Lin, YS and Reynolds, A and Strickland, L and Gretton, M and Matzke, D
Keywords: response time, bayesian estimation, diffusion decision model, linear ballistic accumulator . Stop-signal paradigm
Journal or Publication Title: Behavior research methods
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1554-351X
DOI / ID Number: 10.3758/s13428-018-1067-y
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Psychonomic Society, Inc.

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