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Pacific concerns: Nuclear weapons and the peace movement in Australia, 1960–1967

Harvey, K ORCID: 0000-0001-9439-2700 2019 , 'Pacific concerns: Nuclear weapons and the peace movement in Australia, 1960–1967', in CP Peterson and WM Knoblauch and M Loadenthal (eds.), The Routledge History of World Peace since 1750 , Routledge, New York, pp. 238-248.

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Australian opposition to nuclear weapons operated in similar ways to other western nations. A peacemovement, drawing support from trade unions, clergy, communists, and pacifists, organized campaigns from1945 on the dangers posed by nuclear weapons, their testing, deployment, and potential use. From 1946,when the United States began testing nuclear weapons in the Pacific Ocean, the Australian peace movementreacted slowly, preferring instead to focus on domestic concerns, such as the British nuclear tests that tookplace on Australian soil in the mid to late 1950s. As nuclear testing in the Pacific increased in intensity, andas the French government announced its plans to test its own weapons in the South Pacific, Australians beganto think more critically about the regional implications of radioactive fallout and its effects on the health ofall those who lived in and around the Pacific Ocean. This coincided with a diversification of protest tacticsused in Australia, responding to trends in Britain and the United States that valued public demonstrationsover petitioning, discussion groups, and public meetings.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Harvey, K
Keywords: history, peace movement, pacific, nuclear testing
Publisher: Routledge
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Copyright 2019 Individual chapters, the contributors

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