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Contribution of harvest residues to nutrient cycling in a tropical Acacia mangium Willd. pantation

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Van Bich, N, Eyles, A ORCID: 0000-0003-4432-6216, Mendham, D, Lam Dong, T, Ratkowsky, D, Evans, KJ ORCID: 0000-0003-2189-5870, Dai Hai, V, Van Thanh, H, Van Thinh, N and Mohammed, C ORCID: 0000-0002-2878-1094 2018 , 'Contribution of harvest residues to nutrient cycling in a tropical Acacia mangium Willd. pantation' , Forests, vol. 9, no. 9 , pp. 1-16 , doi: 10.3390/f9090577.

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Abstract

Harvest residues can play a crucial role in conserving nutrients for recycling in forests, but little is known about the rates of decomposition and nutrient release from these residues following logging in tropical acacia plantations. In this study, we examined the biomass and nutrient content of harvest residue components (bark, leaves, and branches) using the litterbag technique for a 1.5-year-period following harvest of a seven-year-old Acacia mangium plantation in Northern Vietnam. At harvest, the total dry biomass of harvest residues was 18 t ha-1 comprising bark (8.9 t ha-1), branches (6.6 t ha-1), and leaves (2.5 t ha-1). The retained bark on site conserved 51% N, 29% P, 32% K, 64% Ca, and 24% Mg content from harvest residues for recycling. Decomposition rate of the leaves was the most rapid (k = 1.47 year-1; t0.5 = 0.47 year), then branches (k = 0.54 year-1; t0.5 = 1.29 year), and bark (k = 0.22 year-1; t0.5 = 3.09 year). During decomposition, the loss of nutrients from harvest residues was K ≈ Ca > N > P > Mg. Decomposition of harvest residues and the associated rate of nutrient release can potentially supply a significant amount of nutrients required for stand development in the next rotation.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Van Bich, N and Eyles, A and Mendham, D and Lam Dong, T and Ratkowsky, D and Evans, KJ and Dai Hai, V and Van Thanh, H and Van Thinh, N and Mohammed, C
Keywords: nutrient loss, mass loss, nutrient release, nutrient dynamics, decay constant, residue half-life, nutrient cycling, tropical plantation
Journal or Publication Title: Forests
Publisher: MDPIAG
ISSN: 1999-4907
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/f9090577
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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