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Masculinity might be more toxic than we think: The influence of gender roles on trait emotional manipulation

Grieve, R ORCID: 0000-0002-5211-4179, March, E and Van Doorn, G 2019 , 'Masculinity might be more toxic than we think: The influence of gender roles on trait emotional manipulation' , Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 138 , pp. 157-162 , doi:

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Previous research has established sex differences in emotional manipulation; specifically, men are more likelythan women to engage in emotional manipulation. This study aimed to explicate these sex differences by investigating,for the first time, the influence of gender roles in the prediction of trait emotional manipulation.Participants were 435 females and 139 males (N = 574) who reported their levels of masculine and femininegender roles, as well as primary and secondary psychopathy, trait emotional intelligence, and trait emotionalmanipulation. Separate regressions were conducted for each sex. As predicted, for both males and females,masculine gender roles positively predicted emotional manipulation. For males, no other predictors were significant,however there was evidence of statistical suppression for feminine gender roles. For females, low femalegender roles, high primary and secondary psychopathy, and high emotional intelligence all significantly predictedemotional manipulation; the effect of emotional intelligence was via statistical suppression. This studyrepresents an important first step in understanding the interplay between socialisation and emotional manipulation.Future research would benefit from using a longitudinal approach to determine whether emotionalmanipulation can be reduced through shifting gender roles.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Grieve, R and March, E and Van Doorn, G
Keywords: emotional manipulation; gender roles; psychopathy; Machiavellianism; emotional intelligence
Journal or Publication Title: Personality and Individual Differences
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0191-8869
DOI / ID Number:
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

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