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Liquefied natural gas as a marine fuel in Australia: developing a conceptual framework for strategic decision-making

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Merien-Paul, RH ORCID: 0000-0003-3518-5925, Enshaei, H ORCID: 0000-0002-5649-7015 and Jayasinghe, SG ORCID: 0000-0002-3304-9455 2018 , 'Liquefied natural gas as a marine fuel in Australia: developing a conceptual framework for strategic decision-making' , Ocean Yearbook, vol. 32, no. 1 , pp. 497-527 , doi: 10.1163/9789004367005_020.

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Abstract

When it comes to shipping large volumes of cargo over long distances, commercial shipping is the most efficient and cleanest mode of transport in terms of emissions. However, the inherently low-grade, high sulphur content fuel oils used in shipping are responsible for the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulphur dioxide (SO2), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), black carbon (BC) and/or particulate organic matter (PM). According to recent studies, maritime industry accounts for approximately 2.2 percent and 2.1 percent of global CO2 and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions respectively. Although a minor fraction of total global CO2 emissions, international shipping was responsible for 938 tonnes of CO2 emissions in 2012, and that figure is expected to increase by as much as 250 percent in 2050.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Merien-Paul, RH and Enshaei, H and Jayasinghe, SG
Keywords: marine environment, emission regulations, LNG as marine fuel, bunker demand prediction, Australian waters
Journal or Publication Title: Ocean Yearbook
Publisher: Brill-Nijhoff
ISSN: 0191-8575
DOI / ID Number: 10.1163/9789004367005_020
Copyright Information:

Copyright © 2018 Koninklijke Brill NV.

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