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Snow in the changing sea-ice systems

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Webster, M, Gerland, S, Holland, M, Hunke, E, Kwok, R, Lecomte, O, Massom, R, Perovich, D and Sturm, M 2018 , 'Snow in the changing sea-ice systems' , Nature Climate Change, vol. 8, no. 11 , pp. 946-953 , doi: 10.1038/s41558-018-0286-7.

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Abstract

Snow is the most reflective, and also the most insulative, natural material on Earth. Consequently, it is an integral part of the sea-ice and climate systems. However, the spatial and temporal heterogeneities of snow pose challenges for observing, understanding and modelling those systems under anthropogenic warming. Here, we survey the snow–ice system, then provide recommendations for overcoming present challenges. These include: collecting process-oriented observations for model diagnostics and understanding snow–ice feedbacks, and improving our remote sensing capabilities of snow for monitoring large-scale changes in snow on sea ice. These efforts could be achieved through stronger coordination between the observational, remote sensing and modelling communities, and would pay dividends through distinct improvements in predictions of polar environments.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Webster, M and Gerland, S and Holland, M and Hunke, E and Kwok, R and Lecomte, O and Massom, R and Perovich, D and Sturm, M
Keywords: snow, sea ice, thickness, properties, Arctic, Antarctic
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Climate Change
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1758-678X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41558-018-0286-7
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Springer Nature Limited

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