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Unsupervised land cover change estimation using region covariance estimates

Olding, WC, Olivier, JC ORCID: 0000-0002-7703-6357, Salmon, BP ORCID: 0000-0001-5722-3414 and Kleynhans, W 2018 , 'Unsupervised land cover change estimation using region covariance estimates' , IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters , pp. 1-5 , doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2018.2875974.

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Abstract

In this letter, we demonstrate the utility of estimating a probabilistic model of the underlying seasonal and interannual variations experienced by land cover time series in a given geographical region. Time series that deviate from these trajectories due to the human-induced change appear as outliers and can be detected using their Mahalanobis distance from the mean under the joint distribution of time samples. We apply this model to a collection of pixel time series acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer platform over Limpopo province, South Africa, for the task of identifying human settlement expansion. For estimation of the time of change, we present a hypothesis testing approach that tests for a decrease in correlation between samples before and after the change. This was found to be highly effective, yielding a mean absolute error of 52 days.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Olding, WC and Olivier, JC and Salmon, BP and Kleynhans, W
Keywords: change detection algorithms, covariance matrices, density estimation robust algorithm, remote sensing, time series analysis
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 1545-598X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1109/LGRS.2018.2875974
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 IEEE

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