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Socially constructed masculine domination: officials’ perception of female entrepreneurs in Kerala, India

Narendran, R 2018 , 'Socially constructed masculine domination: officials’ perception of female entrepreneurs in Kerala, India', in S Yousafzai and A Fayolle and A Lindgreen and C Henry and S Saeed and S Sheikh (eds.), Women Entrepreneurs and the Myth of ‘Underperformance’: A New Look at Women’s Entrepreneurship Research , Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, London, pp. 125-140.

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Abstract

Many earlier works on female entrepreneurship have been based on the liberal feminist view that treats women as equals with men, and thus assumesthat barriers lead to the women’s underperformance. Researchers havestressed the importance of researching men and women as separate entitiesand the need to move beyond victim blaming, that is, the belief that womenshould be held accountable for their circumstances (Ahl and Marlow,2012). The paucity of studies addressing feminist theories of female entrepreneurship has led to the call for incorporating post-structural feministresearch, which considers social constructs through history, geographyand culture (Ahl and Marlow, 2012; Foss, 2010). Post-structural feminismin female entrepreneurship research gained popularity in the late 2000s;researchers have used Foucault’s work, which argued that discourse analysis is necessary to understand social practices (Ahl, 2006). Social practicesin a society are ‘created through discourses, which can be defined as howsomething is presented or regarded’ (ibid., p. 597). By adopting this view,the present chapter explores the perception of agents in implementing programmes that facilitate female entrepreneurship, to clarify gender relationsin the current Indian societal structure. Furthermore, this chapter aimsto help to establish some preliminary assumptions regarding the gendergap in reforms for female entrepreneurs in Kerala, India, by integratingfeminist theory into the female entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Narendran, R
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Government policy, women
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited
DOI / ID Number: 10.4337/9781786434500.00018
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Shumaila Yousafzai, Alain Fayolle, Adam Lindgreen, Colette Henry, Saadat Saeed and Shandana Sheikh

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