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Combining Spitzer parallax and Keck II adaptive optics imaging to measure the mass of a solar-like star orbited by a cold gaseous planet discovered by microlensing


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Beaulieu, J-P, Batista, V, Bennett, DP, Marquette, J-B, Blackman, JW ORCID: 0000-0001-5860-1157, Cole, AA ORCID: 0000-0003-0303-3855, Coutures, C, Danielski, C, Dominis Prester, D, Donatowicz, J, Fukui, A, Koshimoto, N, Loncaric, K, Morales, JC, Sumi, T, Suzuki, D, Henderson, C, Shvartzvald, Y and Beichman, C 2018 , 'Combining Spitzer parallax and Keck II adaptive optics imaging to measure the mass of a solar-like star orbited by a cold gaseous planet discovered by microlensing' , Astronomical Journal, vol. 155, no. 2 , pp. 1-6 , doi: 10.3847/1538-3881/aaa293.

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To obtain accurate mass measurements for cold planets discovered by microlensing, it is usually necessary to combine light curve modeling with at least two lens mass–distance relations. The physical parameters of the planetary system OGLE-2014-BLG-0124L have been constrained thanks to accurate parallax effect between ground-based and simultaneous space-based Spitzer observations. Here, we resolved the source+lens star from sub-arcsecond blends in H-band using adaptive optics (AO) observations with NIRC2 mounted on Keck II telescope. We identify additional flux, coincident with the source to within 160 mas. We estimate the potential contributions to this blended light (chance-aligned star, additional companion to the lens or to the source) and find that 85% of the NIR flux is due to the lens star at H L = 16.63 ± 0.06 and K L = 16.44 ± 0.06. We combined the parallax constraint and the AO constraint to derive the physical parameters of the system. The lensing system is composed of a mid-late type G main sequence star of M L = 0.9 ± 0.05 M ⊙ located at D L = 3.5 ± 0.2 kpc in the Galactic disk. Taking the mass ratio and projected separation from the original study leads to a planet of M p = 0.65 ± 0.044 M Jupiter at 3.48 ± 0.22 au. Excellent parallax measurements from simultaneous ground-space observations have been obtained on the microlensing event OGLE-2014-BLG-0124, but it is only when they are combined with ~30 minutes of Keck II AO observations that the physical parameters of the host star are well measured.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Beaulieu, J-P and Batista, V and Bennett, DP and Marquette, J-B and Blackman, JW and Cole, AA and Coutures, C and Danielski, C and Dominis Prester, D and Donatowicz, J and Fukui, A and Koshimoto, N and Loncaric, K and Morales, JC and Sumi, T and Suzuki, D and Henderson, C and Shvartzvald, Y and Beichman, C
Keywords: exoplanets, detection, gravitational microlensing, planetary systems
Journal or Publication Title: Astronomical Journal
Publisher: Univ Chicago Press
ISSN: 0004-6256
DOI / ID Number: 10.3847/1538-3881/aaa293
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© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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