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Synthesis and Structural Studies of Dimethylindium(III) Complexes with Polydentate Nitrogen Donor Ligands, and of Monomethylindium(III) Complexes containing Alkoxide-bridged Binuclear Cations


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Canty, AJ, Titcombe, LA, Skelton, BW and White, AH 1988 , 'Synthesis and Structural Studies of Dimethylindium(III) Complexes with Polydentate Nitrogen Donor Ligands, and of Monomethylindium(III) Complexes containing Alkoxide-bridged Binuclear Cations' , Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, vol. 1 , pp. 35-45 , doi: 10.1039/DT9880000035.

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Dimethylindium(III) complexes have been isolated from aqueous methanol on reaction of dimethylindium(III) nitrate with the neutral nitrogen donor ligands 1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2'-bipyridyl, and 4,4'-disubstituted 2,2'-bipyridyls, bis(pyridin-2-yl)methane [(py)2CH2] , bis(N-methylimidazol-2-yl)methanol, 2,2':6',2"-terpyridyl (terpy), 4,4',4''-triethyl-2,2':6',2"-terpyridyl (Et3terpy), and N-methyl-2-(pyridin-2-y1)imidazole. X-Ray crystallographic studies at 295 K of two of the complexes
reveal the formulations [InMe2{(py)2CH2-N,N)(NO3-0)(H20)] (5) and [InMe2(Et3terpy-N,N',N'')]NO3 (8), with trans methyl groups in distorted octahedral [for (5)] and five-co-ordinate geometry [for (8)]. The complexes have In-C 2.119(7)-2.131(8) A and In-N bond distances 2.310(5)-2.439(4) A, with In-0 2.632(4) (NO3) and 2.679(5) (H2O) in (5); the InMe2 groups are bent away from the nitrogen donor ligands, forming InC2 angles of 157.6(2) [(5)] and 132.8(3) [(8)] . The In(III)Me2 complexes of terpy [(7)] and Et3terpy [(8)] are photochromic, changing slowly from pale yellow to emerald green in bright light, and back to yellow in darkness. Reaction of [InMe2]NO3 with
phenylbis(pyridin-2-yl)methanol [(py)2(Ph)COH], tris(pyridin-2-yl)methanol, tris(N-methylimidazol-2-yl) methanol, bis(N-methylimidazol-2-yl)(pyridin-2-yl)methanol [(py)(mim)2COH] , and (N-methylimidazol-2-yl)bis(pyridin-2-yl)methanol, results in isolation of monomethylindium(III)
complexes containing binuclear cations, with the structures of two of these established crystallographically as [InMe(H2O){mu-(py)2(Ph)CO-N, N',mu-O}2lnMe(NO3)]NO3.0.75H2O (10) and [InMe(H20){mu-(py)(mim)2C0-lN, N', mu-0)2}lnMe(N03)]NO3.H2O.Me2CO (13). Each ligand has a py group co-ordinated to one indium atom and a py [(l0)] or mim [(13)] group co-ordinated to the other indium, with alkoxide bridges forming an In2O2 kernel with In-0 distances 2.165(6)-2.266(6), and trans methyl groups for the 'equatorial' planes ln2Me2(py)2(mu-O)2 [(10)] and
In2Me2(mim)2(mu-0)2 [(13)]. Indium-carbon, 2.119(11)-2.160(13) A, and In-N bond distances, 2.234(7)-2.409(9), are similar to those for the In(III)Me2 complexes. Six-co-ordination for one indium is completed by a water molecule [2.304(9) in (l0), 2.300(6) in (13))], and a nitrate
group interacts unsymmetrically with the other indium [In-0 2.422(12) in (l0), 2.387(7) A in (13); In 0 2.692(15) in (l0), 2.802(9) A in (13)], with both aqua and nitrate groups trans to 'axial' py groups in both complexes. The geometry at the indium atoms in (10) and (13) is
irregular, but, except for the orientation of the more weakly co-ordinating aqua and nitrate groups in each complex, the indium atoms have similar geometry, with analogous donor atoms of the other five groups subtending angles at indium within 6 [(10)] and 2 [(13)] of each other. The In(III)Me2 and In(III)Me complexes form conducting solutions with retention of nitrogen donor co-
ordination; the binuclear complexes exhibit complex variable-temperature H n.m.r. spectra in CD3OD resulting from the presence of exchange between nitrogen donor sites and also between isomers for complexes of ligands containing both py and mim donor groups.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Canty, AJ and Titcombe, LA and Skelton, BW and White, AH
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
ISSN: 1477-9226
DOI / ID Number: 10.1039/DT9880000035
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