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Wearing compression socks during exercise aids subsequent performance

Brophy-Williams, N ORCID: 0000-0003-3693-5046, Driller, MW, Kitic, CM ORCID: 0000-0001-9866-5665, Fell, JW ORCID: 0000-0001-6094-9865 and Halson, SL 2019 , 'Wearing compression socks during exercise aids subsequent performance' , Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 22, no. 1 , pp. 123-127 , doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2018.06.010.

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Abstract

Objectives:To assess the effect of wearing compression socks on immediate and subsequent 5 km running time trials, with particular attention to the influences on physiological, perceptual and performance-based parameters.Design:Counter-balanced cross-over experiment.Methods:Twelve male runners (mean ± SD 5 km run time 19:29 ± 1:18 min:s) each completed two experimental sessions. Sessions consisted of a standardised running warm-up, followed by a 5 km time trial (TT1), a one hour recovery period, then a repeat of the warm-up and 5 km time trial (TT2). One session required the use of sports compression socks during the first warm-up and time trial (COMP), while the other did not (CON).Results:The decline in run performance in CON from TT1 to TT2 was moderate and significantly greater than that experienced by runners in COMP (9.6 s, d = 0.67, p Conclusions:Wearing sports compression socks during high intensity running has a positive impact on subsequent running performance. The underlying mechanism of such performance enhancement remains unclear, but may relate to improved oxygen delivery, reduced muscle oscillation, superior running mechanics and athlete beliefs.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Brophy-Williams, N and Driller, MW and Kitic, CM and Fell, JW and Halson, SL
Keywords: running, time trial, compression garments, athletes, circulation economy
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Publisher: Sports Medicine Australia
ISSN: 1440-2440
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.jsams.2018.06.010
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Sports Medicine Australia

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