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A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention Programme to Improve Psychological Well-Being

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Ojala, B, Clas-Hakan, N, Huhtala, H and Bohle, P 2019 , 'A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention Programme to Improve Psychological Well-Being' , Journal of Environmental and Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1 , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.3390/ijerph16010080.

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Abstract

Psychosocial risk factors have increased in today’s work environment, and they threaten work ability. Good workplace atmosphere, psychosocial support, the ability to cope with stress, and skills and knowledge are all connected to more successful coping. Faster changes in the work environment and an increased workload can lead to a chain of fatigue and illness. The aim of this study was to evaluate a cognitive behavioural intervention as an early rehabilitation strategy to improve employees’ well-being, in intervention group N446 and in control group N116. The well-being measures used were the Bergen Burnout Inventory (BBI 15), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and depression and stress screening questions. Data were obtained by a self-report survey at baseline and at a nine-month follow-up. Differences were analysed within and between groups. The results suggest that cognitive behavioural intervention as an early rehabilitation programme will increase employees’ well-being measured by BBI 15, UWES, and depression and stress screening questions. In the intervention group, the total BBI 15 score (p < 0.01) and each of the three subdimensions of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and sense of inadequacy) decreased at follow-up. Mental health issues are the commonest reasons for sick leave and early retirement. We need ways to prevent these issues.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ojala, B and Clas-Hakan, N and Huhtala, H and Bohle, P
Keywords: stress, occupational health, intervention, burnout, well-being
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
ISSN: 1687-9805
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/ijerph16010080
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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