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Do we measure leadership effectively? Articulating and evaluating scale development psychometrics for best practice

Crawford, JA and Kelder, J-A ORCID: 0000-0002-8618-0537 2019 , 'Do we measure leadership effectively? Articulating and evaluating scale development psychometrics for best practice' , The Leadership Quarterly, vol. 30, no. 1 , pp. 133-144 , doi: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2018.07.001.

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Abstract

Leadership assessment has been a particular point of difficulty for contemporary scholarship, with many practitionersrejecting academically-driven leadership instruments and scales and preferring their own, less rigorous,scales. We believe that current conceptualizations and measurements of leadership are problematic, indicated bycontemporary challenges that can be widely understood as failures of leadership (e.g. the Australian BankingRoyal Commission and Volkswagen's ‘Dieselgate’). Also, how effective leadership is measured needs to change.This paper presents a systematic review of 17 leadership scales developed in the new millennium. The majorityof scales lack some degree of rigor. Our response has been to conduct eighteen critical checks over four stages ofscale development: theory generation, item development, content validity, and empirical evaluation. On thepremise that understanding past practices, with their limitations, can be used to drive forward a suite of moreeffective organizational tools, we provide best practice recommendations using contemporary psychometricresearch.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Crawford, JA and Kelder, J-A
Keywords: scale development, leadership assessment, factor analysis, content adequacy, theory generation
Journal or Publication Title: The Leadership Quarterly
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
ISSN: 1048-9843
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2018.07.001
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Inc.

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