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A study on time constraints and task deviations at sea leading to accidents - a cultural historical perspective

Rajapakse, A, Emad, GR ORCID: 0000-0001-9784-5103, Lutzhoft, M and Grech, M 2019 , 'A study on time constraints and task deviations at sea leading to accidents - a cultural historical perspective' , Maritime Policy and Management , pp. 1-18 , doi:

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The high frequency of maritime accidents and incidents occurring at sea has been a major challenge for the maritime industry in the last decades. The majority of these accidents are attributed to seafarers’ poor performance. This, despite the fact that the international maritime domain continues to adopt and update conventions regulating maritime safety to mitigate these accidents from occurring. In this paper, utilizing a qualitative research approach, we show through a socio-cultural contextual perspective that time constraints as a major influencing factor in causing task deviations at sea which leads to dangerous situations. We analyse how some of the present barriers in place to prevent accidents at sea are in effect prompt seafarers who are working under time pressure to deviate from their task. Moreover, the paper discusses the social constituents such as job insecurity and the seafarers’ viewpoint towards the ship operators’ commitment to safe ship operations are crucial in motivating seafarers’ deviating from the task at hand when faced with time pressure.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Rajapakse, A and Emad, GR and Lutzhoft, M and Grech, M
Keywords: maritime transport, safety, task deviation, work as imagined, work as done, time constraints, seafaring
Journal or Publication Title: Maritime Policy and Management
Publisher: Routledge
ISSN: 0308-8839
DOI / ID Number:
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© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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