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No evidence that alcohol intoxication impairs judgments of learning in face recognition

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Monds, LA, Kloft, L, Sauer, JD ORCID: 0000-0002-0872-3647, Honan, CA ORCID: 0000-0001-5735-4270 and Palmer, MA ORCID: 0000-0002-3467-3364 2019 , 'No evidence that alcohol intoxication impairs judgments of learning in face recognition' , Applied Cognitive Psychology , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.1002/acp.3534.

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Abstract

Alcohol use is frequently involved in crime, making it crucial to understand the role of alcohol in facial recognition to maximize correct perpetrator identifications. Although the majority of the alcohol and face recognition research has investigated recognition with retrospective confidence judgments, we examined the effects of alcohol intoxication on face recognition with prospective metacognitive judgments. Participants (N = 54 university students without a history of hazardous alcohol/substance use) consumed either alcohol (mean breath alcohol concentration of 0.06 at pretest and 0.07 at post‐test) or a non‐alcoholic placebo drink. Participants then studied unfamiliar male and female faces and made judgments of learning (JOLs) for each face (i.e., predicted the likelihood of recognizing that face on a future memory test). After a brief distractor task, participants completed an old–new recognition test on which they attempted to distinguish the studied faces from new faces. It was found that the alcohol manipulation had minimal effect on face recognition performance or judgments of learning. Our results suggest that theory‐based cues about the effects of alcohol might play a greater role in retrospective judgments than prospective judgments. Although not a primary focus of the study, face recognition was better for male faces than female faces, and this occurred for both female and male participants. Limitations and implications of the research are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Monds, LA and Kloft, L and Sauer, JD and Honan, CA and Palmer, MA
Keywords: alcohol intoxication, face recognition, confidence, JOLs, metacognition
Journal or Publication Title: Applied Cognitive Psychology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN: 0888-4080
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/acp.3534
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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