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Self-care and self-management among adolescent T2DM patients: a review

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Eva, JJ, Kassab, YW, Neoh, CF, Ming, LC ORCID: 0000-0002-6971-1383, Wong, YY, Hameed, MA, Hong, YH and Sarker, MMR 2018 , 'Self-care and self-management among adolescent T2DM patients: a review' , Frontiers in Endocrinology, vol. 9, no. OCT , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00489.

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Abstract

Objective: Asthma and allergic diseases are poorly described in rural areas. The objective of this study was, therefore, to determine the prevalence of wheezing, asthma, and other allergic disorders among children living in regional and rural Tasmania. Methodology: Data from a cross-sectional survey using standardized questionnaires of asthma, allergic conditions and food allergies were collected from 39 primary schools across North West Tasmania. We enrolled 1075 children between 6 and 8 years. The main outcomes were prevalences of wheezing, asthma, and other allergic disorders further stratified by sex and indigenous status. Results: Baseline characteristics were as follows: median age 8.1 years (IQR: 7.6, 8.7) with equal sex distribution, most (80.1%) attended public schools and 11.0% identified as indigenous. We report prevalences of current wheezing (22.7%), allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (16.3%) and atopic eczema (16.6%), with higher prevalences among boys (except eczema). Food allergies were reported in 8.6% and food-related anaphylaxis in 1.6% of the sample. Indigenous children had significantly higher prevalence of current wheezing (indigenous 31.1% versus non-indigenous 21.6%; p = 0.02). Further, children with current wheezing and no asthma diagnosis, had similar prevalence of other atopic diseases (hayfever 31.4%, eczema 44.0%, and food reaction 23.2%) compared with diagnosed asthmatics, although likely shared the illness. Conclusions: Childhood asthma is more prevalent in regional Tasmania compared with national estimates, especially among indigenous children. This appears not to be driven by an allergic response. Also, a significant proportion of children are likely to have undiagnosed asthma which has implications for rural health service delivery.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Eva, JJ and Kassab, YW and Neoh, CF and Ming, LC and Wong, YY and Hameed, MA and Hong, YH and Sarker, MMR
Keywords: diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, adolescent diabetes, self-care, self-management
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1664-2392
DOI / ID Number: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00489
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Eva, Kassab, Neoh, Ming, Wong, Abdul Hameed, Hong and Sarker. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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