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Improving coping styles in family caregivers of psychiatric inpatients using planned behavior problem-solving training

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Abedi, Z, Alavi, M, Ghazavi, Z, Visentin, D ORCID: 0000-0001-9961-4384 and Cleary, M ORCID: 0000-0002-1453-4850 2019 , 'Improving coping styles in family caregivers of psychiatric inpatients using planned behavior problem-solving training' , Journal of Nursing Research , pp. 1-7 , doi: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000320.

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Abstract

Background: The consequences and high costs of psychiatricdisorders impact family caregivers greatly. Health services shouldidentify and provide accessible support programs to facilitate effective caregiver coping.Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a theory-of-planned-behavior-based problem-solvingtraining program on the coping styles of family caregivers ofpsychiatric inpatients.Methods: In this two-group, randomized control trial, 72 familycaregivers were randomly assigned to either a control group receiving standard care or an intervention group receiving a trainingprogram (eight sessions over 4 weeks). Demographic informationwas recorded at baseline, and the Coping Inventory for StressfulSituations was administered to both groups at baseline, immediately postintervention, and 1-month follow-up.Results: Immediately after the intervention, the interventiongroup earned significantly higher task-oriented coping stylescores (mean difference = 5.03, p = .015) than the control group,but no significant difference was detected between the twogroups for either emotion- or avoidance-oriented coping stylescores. At 1-month follow-up, the intervention group earned significantly higher scores than the control group for task-oriented(mean difference = 8.56, p p = .002) coping styles. No improvement inavoidance-oriented coping style at the postintervention or follow-uptime points was detected.Conclusions: Implementation by nurses and other health professionals of problem-solving training programs that are basedon the theory of planned behavior is recommended to strengthenthe use of task- and emotion-oriented approaches that help family caregivers of psychiatric patients better cope with stress.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Abedi, Z and Alavi, M and Ghazavi, Z and Visentin, D and Cleary, M
Keywords: mental disorders, family carers, problem solving, planned behavior, coping styles
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Nursing Research
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Ltd.
ISSN: 1682-3141
DOI / ID Number: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000320
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Taiwan Nurses Association

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