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Status of galaxiid fishes in Tasmania, Australia: Conservation listings, threats and management issues


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Hardie, SA, Jackson, JE, Barmuta, LA and White, RWG 2006 , 'Status of galaxiid fishes in Tasmania, Australia: Conservation listings, threats and management issues' , Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol. 16, no. 3 , pp. 235-250 , doi: 10.1002/aqc.722.

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1. Fish of the family Galaxiidae are restricted to the southern hemisphere where they occupy a
diverse array of habitats ranging from over 2000m in elevation to sea level. Some species are
diadromous and, hence, freshwater, estuarine and marine habitats are used during their life-cycle;
other species complete their entire life-cycles in freshwater environments.
2. Tasmania has a diverse galaxiid fauna that accounts for 64% of native freshwater fish species
found on the island. The Tasmanian galaxiid fauna is characterized by high species richness
(5 genera and 16 species), endemism (11 species), restricted distributions, and non-diadromous life
histories (11 species).
3. The galaxiid fauna of Tasmania has significant conservation status with 69% of species
considered ‘threatened’. The conservation status of the fauna is recognized at State, national and
international levels.
4. The key threats to galaxiids in Tasmania are exotic species, hydrological manipulations,
restricted distributions, general habitat degradation and exploitation of stocks.
5. Although work has recently been undertaken to conserve and manage Tasmanian galaxiid
populations, the fauna is still thought to be imperilled. Knowledge gaps that need to be addressed
include the biology and ecology of most species (e.g. reproductive biology, life histories, habitat use
and requirements) and impacts of habitat manipulations, as well as mechanisms and impacts of
interactions with exotic species. Techniques to monitor accurately the status of galaxiid species and
their populations need to be developed and the coexistence of some galaxiids with introduced
salmonids should also be examined.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Hardie, SA and Jackson, JE and Barmuta, LA and White, RWG
Keywords: Galaxiidae; freshwater fish; southern Australia; threatened species; endemism; introduced species; conservation; fisheries management
Journal or Publication Title: Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/aqc.722
Additional Information:

Copyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

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