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Fisheries sustainability relies on biological understanding, evidence-based management, and conducive industry conditions

Nilsson, JA, Johnson, CR ORCID: 0000-0002-9511-905X, Fulton, EA and Haward, M ORCID: 0000-0003-4775-0864 2019 , 'Fisheries sustainability relies on biological understanding, evidence-based management, and conducive industry conditions' , ICES Journal of Marine Science , pp. 1-17 , doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsz065.

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Abstract

This article recognizes that the impacts and effects of fishing are key to marine ecosystem management and explores the relationship between fisheries exploitation and sustainable harvests, and the collapse and depletion of stocks. A survey of 21 fisheries from around the world assessed key biological, environmental, social, economic, industry, governance, and management variables and associated criteria that potentially affect stock abundance. We developed 51 criteria as potential contributing factors underpinning three main fishery management outcomes: a sustainable fishery, a depleted fishery, or a collapsed fishery. The criteria that scored highest for the 15 sustainable fisheries in the analysis were associated with the broad groupings of biology (characteristics of the species and stock), management (legal and policy frameworks, tools and decision systems), and industry (economic performance and value). This analysis showed that while a fishery might have a high score for management, sustainability is likely to be difficult to achieve without a medium or high score for biological knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Nilsson, JA and Johnson, CR and Fulton, EA and Haward, M
Keywords: ecosystem based fisheries management, marine conservation, ocean governance
Journal or Publication Title: ICES Journal of Marine Science
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1095-9289
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/icesjms/fsz065
Copyright Information:

Copyright International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2019. All rights reserved.

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