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Self-reported dependence on mobile phones in young adults: A European cross-cultural empirical survey

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Lopez-Fernandez, O, Kuss, DJ, Romo, L, Morvan, Y, Kern, L, Graziani, P, Rousseau, A, Rumpf, H-J, Bischof, A, Gassler, A-K, Schimmenti, A, Passanisi, A, Mannikko, N, Kaarianen, M, Dementrovics, Z, Kiraly, O, Choliz, M, Zacares, JJ, Serra, E, Griffiths, MD, Pontes, HM, Lelonek-Kuleta, B, Chwaszcz, J, Zullino, D, Rochat, L, Achab, S and Billieux, J 2017 , 'Self-reported dependence on mobile phones in young adults: A European cross-cultural empirical survey' , Journal of Behavioral Addictions, vol. 6, no. 2 , pp. 168-177 , doi: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.020.

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Abstract

Background and aims:Despite many positive benefits, mobile phone use can be associated with harmful and detrimental behaviors. The aim of this study was twofold: to examine (a) cross-cultural patterns of perceived dependence on mobile phones in ten European countries, first, grouped in four different regions (North: Finland and UK; South: Spain and Italy; East: Hungary and Poland; West: France, Belgium, Germany, and Switzerland), and second by country, and (b) how socio-demographics, geographic differences, mobile phone usage patterns, and associated activities predicted this perceived dependence. Methods:A sample of 2,775 young adults (aged 18-29 years) were recruited in different European Universities who participated in an online survey. Measures included socio-demographic variables, patterns of mobile phone use, and the dependence subscale of a short version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ; Billieux, Van der Linden, & Rochat, 2008).Results:The young adults from the Northern and Southern regions reported the heaviest use of mobile phones, whereas perceived dependence was less prevalent in the Eastern region. However, the proportion of highly dependent mobile phone users was more elevated in Belgium, UK, and France. Regression analysis identified several risk factors for increased scores on the PMPUQ dependence subscale, namely using mobile phones daily, being female, engaging in social networking, playing video games, shopping and viewing TV shows through the Internet, chatting and messaging, and using mobile phones for downloading-related activities.Discussion and conclusions:Self-reported dependence on mobile phone use is influenced by frequency and specific application usage.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Lopez-Fernandez, O and Kuss, DJ and Romo, L and Morvan, Y and Kern, L and Graziani, P and Rousseau, A and Rumpf, H-J and Bischof, A and Gassler, A-K and Schimmenti, A and Passanisi, A and Mannikko, N and Kaarianen, M and Dementrovics, Z and Kiraly, O and Choliz, M and Zacares, JJ and Serra, E and Griffiths, MD and Pontes, HM and Lelonek-Kuleta, B and Chwaszcz, J and Zullino, D and Rochat, L and Achab, S and Billieux, J
Keywords: problematic mobile phone use, mobile phone dependence, behavioral addictions, young adults, cross-cultural research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Publisher: Akademiai Kiado Rt
ISSN: 2063-5303
DOI / ID Number: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.020
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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