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Grounded theory research: A design framework for novice researchers

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Chun Tie, Y, Birks, M and Francis, K ORCID: 0000-0003-3578-2498 2019 , 'Grounded theory research: A design framework for novice researchers' , SAGE open medicine , doi: 10.1177/2050312118822927.

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Abstract

Background: Grounded theory is a well-known methodology employed in many research studies. Qualitative andquantitative data generation techniques can be used in a grounded theory study. Grounded theory sets out to discoveror construct theory from data, systematically obtained and analysed using comparative analysis. While grounded theoryis inherently flexible, it is a complex methodology. Thus, novice researchers strive to understand the discourse and thepractical application of grounded theory concepts and processes.Objective: The aim of this article is to provide a contemporary research framework suitable to inform a grounded theorystudy.Result: This article provides an overview of grounded theory illustrated through a graphic representation of the processesand methods employed in conducting research using this methodology. The framework is presented as a diagrammaticrepresentation of a research design and acts as a visual guide for the novice grounded theory researcher.Discussion: As grounded theory is not a linear process, the framework illustrates the interplay between the essentialgrounded theory methods and iterative and comparative actions involved. Each of the essential methods and processes thatunderpin grounded theory are defined in this article.Conclusion: Rather than an engagement in philosophical discussion or a debate of the different genres that can be used ingrounded theory, this article illustrates how a framework for a research study design can be used to guide and inform thenovice nurse researcher undertaking a study using grounded theory. Research findings and recommendations can contributeto policy or knowledge development, service provision and can reform thinking to initiate change in the substantive area ofinquiry.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Chun Tie, Y and Birks, M and Francis, K
Keywords: framework, grounded theory, grounded theory methods, novice researcher, study design
Journal or Publication Title: SAGE open medicine
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 2050-3121
DOI / ID Number: 10.1177/2050312118822927
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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