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Patients' experiences of using a consumer mHealth app for self-management of heart failure: Mixed-methods study

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Woods, L, Duff, J, Roehrer, E ORCID: 0000-0001-6211-7747, Walker, K ORCID: 0000-0002-0267-416X and Cummings, EA ORCID: 0000-0001-6501-7450 2019 , 'Patients' experiences of using a consumer mHealth app for self-management of heart failure: Mixed-methods study' , JMIR Human Factors, vol. 6, no. 2 , e13009 , doi: 10.2196/13009.

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Abstract

Background: To support the self-management of heart failure, a team of hospital clinicians, patients, and family caregivers have co-designed the consumer mobile health app, Care4myHeart.Objective: This research aimed to determine patient experiences of using the app to self-manage heart failure.Methods: Patients with heart failure used the app for 14 days on their own smart device in a home setting, following which a mixed-methods evaluation was performed. Eight patients were recruited, of whom six completed the Mobile Application Rating Scale and attended an interview.Results: The overall app quality score was “acceptable” with 3.53 of 5 points, with the aesthetics (3.83/5) and information (3.78/5) subscales scoring the highest. The lowest mean score was in the app-specific subscale representing the perceived impact on health behavior change (2.53/5). Frequently used features were weight and fluid restriction tracking, with graphical representation of data particularly beneficial for improved self-awareness and ongoing learning. The use of technology for self-management will fundamentally differ from current practices and require a change in daily routines. However, app use was correlated with potential utility for daily management of illness with benefits of accurate recording and review of personal health data and as a communication tool for doctors to assist with care planning, as all medical information is available in one place. Technical considerations included participants’ attitudes toward technology, functionality and data entry issues, and relatively minor suggested changes.Conclusions: The findings from this usability study suggest that a significant barrier to adoption is the lack of integration of technology into everyday life in the context of already established disease self-management routines. Future studies should explore the barriers to adoption and sustainability of consumer mobile health interventions for chronic conditions, particularly whether introducing such apps is more beneficial at the commencement of a self-management regimen.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Woods, L and Duff, J and Roehrer, E and Walker, K and Cummings, EA
Keywords: heart failure, mobile health (mHealth), mobile apps, usability study, Mobile Application Rating Scale, patient experience, self-management, mobile phone
Journal or Publication Title: JMIR Human Factors
Publisher: JMIR Publications, Inc
ISSN: 2292-9495
DOI / ID Number: 10.2196/13009
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Leanna Sarah Woods, Jed Duff, Erin Roehrer, Kim Walker, Elizabeth Cummings. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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