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Objective assessment of bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease using evolutionary algorithms: Clinical validation

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Gao, C, Smith, S, Lones, M, Jamieson, S, Alty, J, Cosgrove, J, Zhang, P, Liu, J, Chen, Y, Du, J, Cui, S, Zhou, H and Chen, S 2018 , 'Objective assessment of bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease using evolutionary algorithms: Clinical validation' , Translational Neurodegeneration, vol. 7, no. 18 , doi: 10.1186/s40035-018-0124-x.

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Abstract

Background: There is an urgent need for developing objective, effective and convenient measurements to help clinicians accurately identify bradykinesia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of an objective approach assessing bradykinesia in finger tapping (FT) that uses evolutionary algorithms (EAs) and explore whether it can be used to identify early stage Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: One hundred and seven PD, 41 essential tremor (ET) patients and 49 normal controls (NC) were recruited. Participants performed a standard FT task with two electromagnetic tracking sensors attached to the thumb and index finger. Readings from the sensors were transmitted to a tablet computer and subsequently analyzed by using EAs. The output from the device (referred to as "PD-Monitor") scaled from - 1 to + 1 (where higher scores indicate greater severity of bradykinesia). Meanwhile, the bradykinesia was rated clinically using the Movement Disorder Society-Sponsored Revision of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) FT item. Results: With an increasing MDS-UPDRS FT score, the PD-Monitor score from the same hand side increased correspondingly. PD-Monitor score correlated well with MDS-UPDRS FT score (right side: r = 0.819, P = 0.000; left side: r = 0.783, P = 0.000). Moreover, PD-Monitor scores in 97 PD patients with MDS-UPDRS FT bradykinesia and each PD subgroup (FT bradykinesia scored from 1 to 3) were all higher than that in NC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves revealed that PD-Monitor FT scores could detect different severity of bradykinesia with high accuracy (≥89.7%) in the right dominant hand. Furthermore, PD-Monitor scores could discriminate early stage PD from NC, with area under the ROC curve greater than or equal to 0.899. Additionally, ET without bradykinesia could be differentiated from PD by PD-Monitor scores. A positive correlation of PD-Monitor scores with modified Hoehn and Yahr stage was found in the left hand sides. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that a simple to use device employing classifiers derived from EAs could not only be used to accurately measure different severity of bradykinesia in PD, but also had the potential to differentiate early stage PD from normality.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Gao, C and Smith, S and Lones, M and Jamieson, S and Alty, J and Cosgrove, J and Zhang, P and Liu, J and Chen, Y and Du, J and Cui, S and Zhou, H and Chen, S
Keywords: bradykinesia, clinical validation, evolutionary algorithms, objective assessment, Parkinson's disease
Journal or Publication Title: Translational Neurodegeneration
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
ISSN: 2047-9158
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s40035-018-0124-x
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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