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Associations between attention deficit hyperactivity and internet gaming disorder symptoms: is there consistency across types of symptoms, gender and countries?

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Stavropoulos, V, Adams, BLM, Beard, CL, Dumble, E, Trawley, S, Gomez, R and Pontes, HM ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623 2019 , 'Associations between attention deficit hyperactivity and internet gaming disorder symptoms: is there consistency across types of symptoms, gender and countries?' , Addictive Behaviors Reports, vol. 9 , p. 100158 , doi: 10.1016/j.abrep.2018.100158.

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Abstract

Background:Videogame addiction has been suggested as a tentative disorder in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and was recently officially recognized as a mental health disorder by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although a few studies have identified attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a key risk factor for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD), the interplay between ADHD and IGD symptoms with gender differences across cultures remains to be further examined.Objective:This study examined the moderating effects of gender in the association between ADHD and IGD across two nations.Method:A cross-sectional online survey was developed to recruit 164 Australian (Mage = 23.01, SD = 3.35, Minage = 18, Maxage = 31, Males n = 121, 73.80%) and 457 U.S.-North American (Mage = 25.25 years, SD = 2.76, Minage = 18 years, Maxage = 29 years, Males = 265, 57.98%) Massively Multiplayer Online (MMO) players aged between 18 and 29 years.Results:The hierarchical linear regression, moderation and moderated moderation analyses revealed that participants presenting greater inattention and hyperactivity symptoms exhibited higher levels of IGD-related behaviors in the two samples. Moreover, these associations differed across genders between the two countries. Specifically, more hyperactive-impulsive, as well as inattentive males in the USA presented higher levels of disordered gaming.Conclusion:The results highlight the need for more cross-cultural and symptom-focused research in the broader IGD field.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Stavropoulos, V and Adams, BLM and Beard, CL and Dumble, E and Trawley, S and Gomez, R and Pontes, HM
Keywords: internet gaming disorder, emergent adults, massively multiplayer online games, attention deficit hyperactivity, gender, culture
Journal or Publication Title: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2352-8532
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.abrep.2018.100158
Copyright Information:

© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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