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Postpartum weight retention in relation to gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy body mass index: A prospective cohort study in Vietnam

Ha, AVV, Zhao, Y, Pham, NM, Nguyen, CL, Nguyen, PTH, Chu, TK, Tang, HK, Binns, CW and Lee, AH 2019 , 'Postpartum weight retention in relation to gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy body mass index: A prospective cohort study in Vietnam' , Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 13, no. 2 , pp. 143-149 , doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2019.02.001.

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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of maternal overweight and obesity is increasing in Asia. This study prospectively investigated the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and 12-month postpartum weight retention (PPWR) in a large cohort of Vietnamese mothers.Methods: Of the 2030 pregnant women recruited from three cities in Vietnam at 24-28 weeks of gestation, a total of 1666 mothers were followed up for 12 months after delivery and available for analysis. The outcome variable PPWR was determined by subtracting the pre-pregnancy weight from the 12-month postpartum measured weight, while GWG and pre-pregnancy BMI were classified according to the Institute of Medicine and WHO criteria for adults, respectively. Linear regression models were used to ascertain the association between pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG and PPWR accounting for the effects of plausible confounding factors.Results: Both pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG were significantly associated with PPWR (PConclusions: Being underweight before pregnancy and excessive GWG contribute to greater weight retention twelve months after giving birth. Interventions to prevent postpartum maternal obesity should target at risk women at the first antenatal visit and control their weight gain during the course of pregnancy.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ha, AVV and Zhao, Y and Pham, NM and Nguyen, CL and Nguyen, PTH and Chu, TK and Tang, HK and Binns, CW and Lee, AH
Keywords: body mass index, obesity, postpartum weight retention, pregnancy, weight gain
Journal or Publication Title: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice
Publisher: Elsevier BV
ISSN: 1871-403X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.orcp.2019.02.001
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity.

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