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Remnants of Gondwanan continental lithosphere in oceanic upper mantle: Evidence from the South Atlantic Ridge


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Kamenetsky, VS and Maas, R and Sushchevskaya, NM and Norman, MD and Cartwright, I and Peyve, AA (2001) Remnants of Gondwanan continental lithosphere in oceanic upper mantle: Evidence from the South Atlantic Ridge. Geology, 29 (3). pp. 243-246.

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Dredged glass from the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge near the Bouvet Triple Junction has unique major element, trace element, and isotopic composition, distinct from typical mid-ocean ridge basalts, It is a high-Mg (Mg# 67.8), high-Ni (NiO 290 ppm) andesite depleted in highly incompatible and heavy rare-earth elements with an isotopic signature of ancient continental lithosphere (i.e., low (206)Pb/(204)Pb and Nd-143/Nd-144 and high Sr-87/Sr-86 and delta O-18). The origin of this glass is attributed to melting of a Precambrian garnet-bearing, mafic lithology, possibly related to lower crustal blocks stranded in the upper mantle during breakup of Gondwana and opening of the Atlantic. This composition can be used to explain anomalous geochemical features of oceanic rocks in the Southern Hemisphere.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: mid-ocean ridge basalts; isotopes; mantle heterogeneities; subcontinental lithosphere; south atlantic; gondwana; bouvet triple junction; indian-ocean; isotope systematics; lower crust; heterogeneity; geochemistry
Journal or Publication Title: Geology
Page Range: pp. 243-246
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2006
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:11
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