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Prescribing physical activity as a preventive measure for middle-aged Australians with dementia risk factors

Annear, M, Lucas, P ORCID: 0000-0001-6949-9207, Wilkinson, T and Shimizu, Y 2019 , 'Prescribing physical activity as a preventive measure for middle-aged Australians with dementia risk factors' , Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol. 25, no. 2 , pp. 108-112 , doi: 10.1071/PY18171.

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Abstract

Dementia is increasing in Australia in line with population ageing and is expected to peak by mid-century. The development of common forms of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, is associated with lifestyle-related risk factors that are prevalent among middle-aged Australians, including obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes and depression. These risk factors can be significantly ameliorated through regular participation in moderate aerobic physical activity (PA). Current national and international guidelines recommend at least 150 min of aerobic PA per week for achieving health protective effects. Lifestyle intervention is a critical area for action as there are currently no medical or pharmaceutical interventions that can halt the progression of common dementias. Physician-patient discussions concerning risk reduction via habitual aerobic PA offers a complementary intervention as part of broader dementia management. Evidence suggests that to achieve the highest rates of adherence to PA, physician advice in primary care should be supported by wider policies, institutions and community services that offer a meaningful referral pathway and patient follow up after initial assessment. International Green Prescription programs provide examples of physician-led interventions in primary care that could inform further action in Australia.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Annear, M and Lucas, P and Wilkinson, T and Shimizu, Y
Keywords: cognitive health, exercise, International Green Prescription
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Publisher: C S I R O Publishing
ISSN: 1448-7527
DOI / ID Number: 10.1071/PY18171
Copyright Information:

© CSIRO 2019

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