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Admicelles in open-tube capillaries for chromatography and electrochromatography

Tarongoy, F, Haddad, PR and Quirino, JP ORCID: 0000-0002-8275-9672 2019 , 'Admicelles in open-tube capillaries for chromatography and electrochromatography' , Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 1067 , pp. 147-154 , doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.03.037.

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Surfactant bilayers or admicelles at the solid surface-liquid interface inside 50–200 μm inner diameter (i.d.) open-tube fused-silica capillaries were developed as ‘soft’ stationary pseudophases for the liquid chromatographic (LC) separations of neutral and charged analytes. Admicelles were formed in-situ from buffered aqueous mobile phases with cetytrimethylammonium bromide at concentrations between the critical surface aggregation concentration and critical micelle concentration, which were determined by electroosmotic flow measurements using capillary electrophoresis. There were no micelles in the mobile phase solution. Also, there was no solid phase that is classically required in LC. Pressure and voltage driven modes or open-tubular admicellar liquid chromatography (OT-AMLC) and electrochromatography, respectively were proposed based on the separation of neutral analytes. The parameters (i.e., pH, concentration of surfactant, salt, and methanol in the mobile phase and capillary i.d.) that affected the surprising chromatographic effect of admicelles at the interface were investigated. The analytical performance of OT-AMLC for small molecules were found acceptable. Applications to environmental water and biological (HepG cell line metabolism media) samples analysis with appropriate sample preparation procedures were also conducted. The use of pseudophases at the solid surface-liquid interface could be a viable solution to problems associated with the use of solid stationary or support materials in nano- and micro-liquid chromatography and electrochromatography.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Tarongoy, F and Haddad, PR and Quirino, JP
Keywords: chromatography, electrochromatography
Journal or Publication Title: Analytica Chimica Acta
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0003-2670
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.03.037
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Crown Copyright

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