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Advanced airway management during adult cardiac arrest: A systematic review

Granfeldt, A, Avis, SR ORCID: 0000-0002-9543-1991, Nicholson, TC, Holmberg, MJ, Moskowitz, A, Coker, A, Berg, KM, Parr, MJ, Donnino, MW, Soar, J, Nation, K, Andersen, LW, Callaway, CW, Batigger, BW, Paiva, EF, Wang, TL, O'Neil, BJ, Morley, PT, Welsford, M, Drennan, IR, Reynolds, JC, Neumar, RW, Sandroni, C, Deakin, CD, Nolan, JP and Morley, PT 2019 , 'Advanced airway management during adult cardiac arrest: A systematic review' , Resuscitation, vol. 139 , pp. 133-143 , doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.04.003.

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Abstract

Aim: To systematically review the literature on advanced airway management during adult cardiac arrest in order to inform the International LiaisonCommittee of Resuscitation (ILCOR) consensus on science and treatment recommendations.Methods: The review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines and registered on PROSPERO (CRD42018115556). We searched Medline,Embase, and Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews for controlled trials and observational studies published before October 30, 2018. The populationincluded adult patients with cardiac arrest. Two investigators reviewed studies for relevance, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of individualstudies.Results: We included 78 observational studies and 11 controlled trials. Most of the observational studies and all of the controlled trials only includedpatients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The risk of bias for individual observational studies was overall assessed as critical or serious, withconfounding and selection bias being the primary sources of bias. Three of the controlled trials, all published in 2018, were powered for clinical outcomeswith two comparing a supraglottic airway to tracheal intubation and one comparing bag-mask ventilation to tracheal intubation. All three trials had someconcerns regarding risk of bias primarily due to lack of blinding and variable adherence to the protocol. Clinical and methodological heterogeneity acrossstudies, for both the observational studies and the controlled trials, precluded any meaningful meta-analyses.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Granfeldt, A and Avis, SR and Nicholson, TC and Holmberg, MJ and Moskowitz, A and Coker, A and Berg, KM and Parr, MJ and Donnino, MW and Soar, J and Nation, K and Andersen, LW and Callaway, CW and Batigger, BW and Paiva, EF and Wang, TL and O'Neil, BJ and Morley, PT and Welsford, M and Drennan, IR and Reynolds, JC and Neumar, RW and Sandroni, C and Deakin, CD and Nolan, JP and Morley, PT
Keywords: airway management, cardiac arrest
Journal or Publication Title: Resuscitation
Publisher: Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press
ISSN: 0300-9572
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.04.003
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V.

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