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Airborne wind vector scatterometer for sea surface measurements

Kainulainen, J, Salo, S, Lahtinen, J, Molera Calves, G ORCID: 0000-0001-8819-0651, Seppanen, J, Praks, J, Hakala, T, Chen, Y, Hyyppa, J, Unwin, M, Jales, P, Ressler, G, Casal, T and Rosello, J 2019 , 'Airborne wind vector scatterometer for sea surface measurements' , IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 12, no. 7 , pp. 2470-2476 , doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2019.2900410.

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This paper describes the development of an Airborne Wind Vector Scatterometer for low-resolution wind speed measurements. The scatterometer is designed to meet a wind speed accuracy requirement of 1 m/s. In this ad hoc and low-budget project, the development of the instrument exploited some already existing subsystems. The development started from the definition of the scientific system requirements and ended with two experimental flights for wind vector retrieval from three test areas in the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea. One of the flights was planned for a simultaneous overpass with the TDS-1 satellite that was conducting Global Navigations Satellite System – Reflectometry (GNSS-R) measurements. The results confirm the measurement capabilities of the GNSS-R technology and the desired 1 m/s wind speed accuracy of the scatterometer that was developed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Kainulainen, J and Salo, S and Lahtinen, J and Molera Calves, G and Seppanen, J and Praks, J and Hakala, T and Chen, Y and Hyyppa, J and Unwin, M and Jales, P and Ressler, G and Casal, T and Rosello, J
Keywords: airborne, radar remote sensing, reflectometry, wind vector scatterometer, sea surface, radar
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 1939-1404
DOI / ID Number: 10.1109/JSTARS.2019.2900410
Copyright Information:

© 2019 IEEE

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