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Perceptions of illness as predictive factors for perceived stress in patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program

Sadeghi, M, Alavi, M, Mohammadi, M, Roohafza, H, Mahmoodi, A, Visentin, D ORCID: 0000-0001-9961-4384, Lopez, V and Cleary, M ORCID: 0000-0002-1453-4850 2019 , 'Perceptions of illness as predictive factors for perceived stress in patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program' , Nursing and Health Sciences , pp. 1-7 , doi: 10.1111/nhs.12635.

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Psychosocial risk factors, such as perceived stress, not only increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but also act as barriers for treatment adherence and cardiacrehabilitation. In this study, we examined the predictive role of perceptions for illnessto perceived stress in Iranian patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 to determine correlations ofdemographic variables and domains of illness perception with perceived stress, andto develop a predictive model for perceived stress. In total, 150 patients with cardiovascular disease, who were admitted to a cardiac rehabilitation center, completed thequestionnaires. (i) demographic and health-related characteristics; (ii) the PerceivedStress Scale-14; and (iii) the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. The mean perceived stress was 16.2 (8.4), and five illness perception subscales – timeline, personalcontrol, treatment control, understanding and emotional response – were associatedwith increased perceived stress. Variables in the multi-variate predictive modelaccounted for 48% of the total variance in perceived stress. The results demonstrated the value of assessing and managing the patients' perceptions of illness toreduce their perceived stress, which could support adherence to cardiac rehabilitation programs

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Sadeghi, M and Alavi, M and Mohammadi, M and Roohafza, H and Mahmoodi, A and Visentin, D and Lopez, V and Cleary, M
Keywords: cardiac rehabilitation, cardiovascular, Iran, psychosocial risk factor, stress
Journal or Publication Title: Nursing and Health Sciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
ISSN: 1441-0745
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/nhs.12635
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© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd

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