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Longitudinal nutritional changes in aging Australian women

Hill, E ORCID: 0000-0002-7587-9051, Hodge, A, Clifton, P, Shivappa, N, Hebert, JR, Dennerstein, L, Campbell, S and Szoeke, C 2019 , 'Longitudinal nutritional changes in aging Australian women' , Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 28, no. 1 , pp. 139-149 , doi:

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Background and Objectives: The importance of diet for the maintenance of health during aging is attracting a growing body of research interest. Given dietary intakes, along with BMI, are substantial contributors to disease burden, this study aimed to investigate prospective changes in dietary patterns and nutrient intakes in a sample of mid to late-life women over 14 years.Methods and Study Design: Participants were from the Women's Healthy Ageing Project (WHAP); a longitudinal cohort of Australian-born women within the Melbourne metropolitan area. 173 participants were included in this analysis, their mean age in 1998 was 55 years (range 51-62) and in 2012 was 70 years (range 66-76). Diet was assessed using the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies Version 2 in 1998 and 2012. Nutritional intakes, Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) scores, Mediterranean Diet (MD) scores, sociodemographic and physical measures were calculated for all participants at both time points.Results: Energy intake was found to significantly decrease over time (ppppConclusions: This study shows significant changes in the intake of energy and several nutrients in a cohort of aging Australian women in the Melbourne metropolitan area over a period of 14 years. Between 1998 and 2012, changes in indices reflecting overall diet were consistently in the direction of a poorer diet.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Hill, E and Hodge, A and Clifton, P and Shivappa, N and Hebert, JR and Dennerstein, L and Campbell, S and Szoeke, C
Keywords: epidemiology, nutrition, Mediterranean diet, dietary inflammatory index, prospective studies
Journal or Publication Title: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publisher: H E C Press
ISSN: 0964-7058
DOI / ID Number:
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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