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A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task


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Verbruggen, F, Aron, AR, Band, GPH, Beste, C, Bissett, PG, Brockett, AT, Brown, JW, Chamberlain, SR, Chambers, CD, Colonius, H, Colzato, LS, Corneil, BD, Coxon, JP, Dupuis, A, Eagle, DM, Garavan, H, Greenhouse, I, Heathcote, A ORCID: 0000-0003-4324-5537, Huster, RJ, Jahfari, S, Kenemans, JL, Leunissen, I, Li, CSR, Logan, GD, Matzke, D, Morein-Zamir, S, Murthy, A, Pare, M, Poldrack, RA, Ridderinkhof, KR, Robbins, TW, Roesch, M, Rubia, K, Schachar, RJ, Schall, JD, Stock, AK, Swann, NC, Thakkar, KN, Van Der Molen, MW, Vermeylen, L, Vink, M, Wessel, JR, Whelan, R, Zandbelt, BB and Boehler, CN 2019 , 'A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task' , eLife, vol. 8 , pp. 1-26 , doi: 10.7554/eLife.46323.

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Response inhibition is essential for navigating everyday life. Its derailment is considered integral to numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders, and more generally, to a wide range of behavioral and health problems. Response-inhibition efficiency furthermore correlates with treatment outcome in some of these conditions. The stop-signal task is an essential tool to determine how quickly response inhibition is implemented. Despite its apparent simplicity, there are many features (ranging from task design to data analysis) that vary across studies in ways that can easily compromise the validity of the obtained results. Our goal is to facilitate a more accurate use of the stop-signal task. To this end, we provide 12 easy-to-implement consensus recommendations and point out the problems that can arise when they are not followed. Furthermore, we provide user-friendly open-source resources intended to inform statistical-power considerations, facilitate the correct implementation of the task, and assist in proper data analysis.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Verbruggen, F and Aron, AR and Band, GPH and Beste, C and Bissett, PG and Brockett, AT and Brown, JW and Chamberlain, SR and Chambers, CD and Colonius, H and Colzato, LS and Corneil, BD and Coxon, JP and Dupuis, A and Eagle, DM and Garavan, H and Greenhouse, I and Heathcote, A and Huster, RJ and Jahfari, S and Kenemans, JL and Leunissen, I and Li, CSR and Logan, GD and Matzke, D and Morein-Zamir, S and Murthy, A and Pare, M and Poldrack, RA and Ridderinkhof, KR and Robbins, TW and Roesch, M and Rubia, K and Schachar, RJ and Schall, JD and Stock, AK and Swann, NC and Thakkar, KN and Van Der Molen, MW and Vermeylen, L and Vink, M and Wessel, JR and Whelan, R and Zandbelt, BB and Boehler, CN
Keywords: countermanding, human, human biology, impulse control, impulsivity, medicine, mouse, neuroscience, race model, rat, response inhibition, rhesus macaque, stop-signal task
Journal or Publication Title: eLife
Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd.
ISSN: 2050-084X
DOI / ID Number: 10.7554/eLife.46323
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Copyright 2019 eLife Sciences Publications Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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