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Using response time modeling to understand the sources of dual-task interference in a dynamic environment

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Palada, H, Neal, A, Strayer, D, Ballard, T and Heathcote, A ORCID: 0000-0003-4324-5537 2019 , 'Using response time modeling to understand the sources of dual-task interference in a dynamic environment' , Journal of Experimental Psychology , doi: 10.1037/xhp0000672.

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Abstract

This article examines the causes of dual-task interference in a time pressured dynamic environment. Resource sharing theories are often used as a theoretical framework to understand dual-task interference. These frameworks propose that resources from a limited pool of information-processing capacity are reallocated toward the primary task as task load increases and, as a result, secondary-task performance declines if the total demand exceeds capacity limit. However, tests of resource models have relied on behavioral results that could be because of a number of different cognitive processes, including changes in response caution, rate of information processing, nondecision processes, and response biases. We applied evidence-accumulation models to quantify the cognitive processes underlying performance in a dual-task paradigm to examine the causes underlying dual-task interference. We fit performance in time-pressured environment on both a primary classification task and a secondary detection task using evidence-accumulation models. Under greater time pressure, the rate of information processing increased for the primary task while response caution decreased, whereas the rate of information processing for the secondary task declined with greater time pressure. Assuming the rate of evidence accumulation is proportional to available capacity these results are consistent with resource theory and highlight the value of evidence-accumulation models for understanding the complex set of processes underlying dual-task interference.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Palada, H and Neal, A and Strayer, D and Ballard, T and Heathcote, A
Keywords: detection response task, response time modeling, linear ballistic accumulator, Wald model, workload, time pressure
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assoc
ISSN: 0096-1523
DOI / ID Number: 10.1037/xhp0000672
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 American Psychological Association.

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