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The effect of the Verified Gross Mass (VGM) implementation in Australia


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Aras, E and Chen, PS-L ORCID: 0000-0002-1513-4365 2019 , 'The effect of the Verified Gross Mass (VGM) implementation in Australia', paper presented at the 4th Belt and Road Initiative Conference, 1‐3 August 2019, Bangkok, Thailand.

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In container shipping, the declaration of the accurate mass is of prime importance interms of prevention of accidents and consequently losses. After the incidents of vessels suchas Napoli, Anabella, Deneb, accuracy in the implementation of the provisions of the ChapterVI Part A of the SOLAS, 1974 convention and the warranty of accurate informationdeclaration of packed containers by shippers had been questioned. As a result, the VerifiedGross Mass (VGM) amendment to the Chapter was entered into force aiming to strengthenthe safe practices of accurate weight declaration of packed container by shippers. This studyinvestigates the impact of the VGM implementation by surveying key stakeholders engagedin international containerized trade in Australia, including shippers, container shippingcompanies and terminal operators. The effects of VGM implementation investigatedincluded relationships, organizational practices, responsibility, financial cost, time delay,safety and the accuracy of VGM data. The findings revealed industry’s positive perceptiontowards the VGM amendments and confirmed its positive impact on safety for shippingcompanies and terminal operators. However, there are some problems in implementing theVGM rules. The organizational practices have been affected, with a major challenge ofclarifying the responsibility for the VGM implementation. Shippers have been the mostaffected organizations in terms of financial costs, mostly occurred in the outsourcing theweighing service; and extra steps needed for outsourcing the VGM data have been found asthe primary reason for time delays. The result also revealed that in Australia inaccurate VGMhad been caused by the imported and transshipped containers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors/Creators:Aras, E and Chen, PS-L
Keywords: Verified Gross Mass (VGM), container, Australia
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of 4th Belt and Road Initiative Conference 2019
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