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Laxer Clinical Criteria for Gaming Disorder May Hinder Future Efforts to Devise an Efficient Diagnostic Approach: A Tree-Based Model Study

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Pontes, HM ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, Schivinski, B, Brzozowska-Wos, M and Stavropoulos, V 2019 , 'Laxer Clinical Criteria for Gaming Disorder May Hinder Future Efforts to Devise an Efficient Diagnostic Approach: A Tree-Based Model Study' , Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol. 8 , pp. 1-20 , doi: 10.3390/jcm8101730.

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Abstract

Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been recognized in May 2013 and can be evaluatedusing the criteria developed by American Psychiatric Association (APA). The present studyinvestigated the role each IGD criteria plays in diagnosing disordered gaming. A total of 3,377participants (mean age 20 years, SD = 4.3 years) participated in the study. The data collected wasscrutinized to detect patterns of IGD using Conditional Inference Tree (Ctree), a sophisticatedmachine algorithm. Participants provided basic sociodemographic information and completed theInternet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short-Form (IGDS9-SF). The results identified classes of IGDrelated symptoms, indicating that endorsing ‘withdrawal’ and ‘loss of control’ increases theprobability of disordered gaming by 77.77% while endorsement of ‘withdrawal’, ‘loss of control’and ‘negative consequences’ increases the probability of disordered gaming by 26.66%. Moreover,lack of endorsement of ‘withdrawal’ and endorsement of ‘preoccupation’ increases the likelihoodof disordered gaming by 7.14%. Taken together, the results obtained illustrate that different IGDcriteria can present with different clinical weighing as unique diagnostic roles in the developmentof disordered gaming can be evidenced by each criterion. Moreover, the present findings helpinform future revisions of diagnostic manuals and helps enhancing the assessment of IGD in thefuture. Additional research and clinical implications are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pontes, HM and Schivinski, B and Brzozowska-Wos, M and Stavropoulos, V
Keywords: internet gaming disorder; video games; gaming addiction; problematic gaming; behavioral addictions
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Publisher: M D P I AG
ISSN: 2077-0383
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/jcm8101730
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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