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Psychopathological Symptoms and Gaming Motives in Disordered Gaming—A Psychometric Comparison between the WHO and APA Diagnostic Frameworks

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Montag, C, Schivinski, B, Sariyska, R, Kannen, C, Demetrovics, Z and Pontes, HM ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623 2019 , 'Psychopathological Symptoms and Gaming Motives in Disordered Gaming—A Psychometric Comparison between the WHO and APA Diagnostic Frameworks' , Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol. 8 , pp. 1-18 , doi: 10.3390/jcm8101691.

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Abstract

Background: ‘Gaming Disorder’ (GD) has received increased medical attention andofficial recognition from both the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the World HealthOrganization (WHO). Although these two medical organizations have independently developedpromising clinical diagnostic frameworks to assess disordered gaming, little is known about howthese frameworks compare at different psychometric levels in terms of producing consistent outcomesin the assessment of GD. Methods: A sample of 1429 German gamers (Meanage = 29.74 years;SD = 12.37 years) completed an online survey including measures on different psychopathologicalsymptoms (depression, loneliness and attention problems), gaming motives and disordered gamingaccording to the WHO and APA frameworks. Results: The findings suggest the existence of minordiscrepancies in the estimation of prevalence rates of GD according among the two frameworks.Nevertheless, both diagnostic frameworks are fairly consistent in the psychometric prediction ofGD in relation to gaming motives and psychopathological symptoms. The findings underscore therole of key gaming motives as risk factors and protective factors across both diagnostic frameworks.Finally, the study provides support for the WHO diagnostic framework for GD and its measurementwith the German Gaming Disorder Test (GDT). The findings and their implications are furtherdiscussed in terms of clinical relevance.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Montag, C and Schivinski, B and Sariyska, R and Kannen, C and Demetrovics, Z and Pontes, HM
Keywords: gaming disorder, internet gaming disorder, world health organization, American psychiatric association
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Publisher: M D P I AG
ISSN: 2077-0383
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/jcm8101691
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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