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Protecting Antarctic blue carbon: as marine ice retreats can the law fill the gap?

Gogarty, B ORCID: 0000-0002-9494-6598, McGee, JS ORCID: 0000-0002-2093-5896, Barnes, DKA, Sands, CJ, Bax, N, Haward, MG ORCID: 0000-0003-4775-0864, Downey, R, Moreau, C, Moreno, B, Held, C and Paulsen, ML 2019 , 'Protecting Antarctic blue carbon: as marine ice retreats can the law fill the gap?' , Climate Policy , doi: 10.1080/14693062.2019.1694482.

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Abstract

As marine-ice around Antarctica retracts, a vast ‘blue carbon’ sink, in the form of livingbiomass, is emerging. Properly protected and promoted Antarctic blue carbon willform the world’s largest natural negative feedback on climate change. However,fulfilling this promise may be challenging, given the uniqueness of the region andthe legal systems that govern it. In this interdisciplinary study, we explain: theglobal significance of Antarctic blue carbon to international carbon mitigationefforts; the urgent need for international legal protections for areas where it isemerging; and the hurdles that need to be overcome to realize those goals. Inorder to progress conservation efforts past political blockages we recommend thedevelopment of an inter-instrument governance framework that quantifies thesequestration value of Antarctic blue carbon for attribution to states’ climatemitigation commitments under the 2015 Paris Agreement.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Gogarty, B and McGee, JS and Barnes, DKA and Sands, CJ and Bax, N and Haward, MG and Downey, R and Moreau, C and Moreno, B and Held, C and Paulsen, ML
Keywords: antarctic, blue carbon, Paris agreement, non market, climate change, carbon sinks, CCAMLR, ATS, Antarctic Treaty, UNFCCC, international law, international relations
Journal or Publication Title: Climate Policy
Publisher: Earthscan Ltd
ISSN: 1752-7457
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/14693062.2019.1694482
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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