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Discovery of a new class I methanol maser transition at 266.8 GHz

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Chen, X, Ellingsen, SP ORCID: 0000-0002-1363-5457, Ren, Z-Y, Sobolev, AM, Parfenov, S and Shen, Z-Q 2019 , 'Discovery of a new class I methanol maser transition at 266.8 GHz' , Astrophysical Journal, vol. 877, no. 2 , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1078.

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Abstract

We report the detection of a new class I methanol maser candidate from the 52-41 E transition (266.8 GHz). This methanol transition has been detected toward a nearby high-mass star-forming region G352.630-1.067 (distance ∼0.7 kpc), in Submillimeter Array (SMA) observations. The new candidate transition has a similar spatial distribution as the 42-31 E (218.4 GHz) and 8-1-70 E (229.7 GHz) transitions, which are known class I maser transitions. Thermal methanol emission in this source is confined to a central hot core, while the three class I maser transitions are detected in two additional regions. These two maser-only emission regions are clearly associated with shocked gas traced by 2 μm Ks-band and thermal v = 0, J = 5-4 SiO molecular emission. In contrast to the thermal methanol emission from the hot core, the three class I maser transitions show an positive trend in the rotation diagram for the two maser regions. Large velocity gradient modeling of the 266.8, 218.4, and 229.7 GHz transitions shows that the 266.8 GHz transition can be a maser for a wide range of conditions. The intensity ratios for the three methanol transitions detected in maser regions can be reproduced under conditions that are typical for class I methanol maser sites. These facts all support the hypothesis that the detected emission from the 266.8 GHz methanol (52−41 E) transition is masing.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Chen, X and Ellingsen, SP and Ren, Z-Y and Sobolev, AM and Parfenov, S and Shen, Z-Q
Keywords: ISM: jets and outflows – ISM: molecules – masers – stars: formation
Journal or Publication Title: Astrophysical Journal
Publisher: Univ Chicago Press
ISSN: 0004-637X
DOI / ID Number: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1078
Copyright Information:

© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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