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An eating pattern characterised by skipped or delayed breakfast is associated with mood disorders among an Australian adult cohort

Wilson, JE, Blizzard, L ORCID: 0000-0002-9541-6943, Gall, SL ORCID: 0000-0002-5138-2526, Magnussen, CG ORCID: 0000-0002-6238-5730, Oddy, WH ORCID: 0000-0002-6119-7017, Dwyer, T, Sanderson, K ORCID: 0000-0002-3132-2745, Venn, AJ ORCID: 0000-0001-7090-1398 and Smith, KJ ORCID: 0000-0003-2793-3460 2019 , 'An eating pattern characterised by skipped or delayed breakfast is associated with mood disorders among an Australian adult cohort' , Psychological Medicine , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.1017/S0033291719002800.

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Abstract

Background: Meal timing may influence food choices, neurobiology and psychological states. Our exploratory study examined if time-of-day eating patterns were associated with mood disorders among adults.Methods: During 2004-2006 (age 26-36 years) and 2009-2011 (follow-up, age 31-41 years), N = 1304 participants reported 24-h food and beverage intake. Time-of-day eating patterns were derived by principal components analysis. At follow-up, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview measured lifetime mood disorder. Log binomial and adjacent categories log-link regression were used to examine bidirectional associations between eating patterns and mood disorder. Covariates included sex, age, marital status, social support, education, work schedule, body mass index and smoking.Results: Three patterns were derived at each time-point: Grazing (intake spread across the day), Traditional (highest intakes reflected breakfast, lunch and dinner), and Late (skipped/delayed breakfast with higher evening intakes). Compared to those in the lowest third of the respective pattern at baseline and follow-up, during the 5-year follow-up, those in the highest third of the Late pattern at both time-points had a higher prevalence of mood disorder [prevalence ratio (PR) = 2.04; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20-3.48], and those in the highest third of the Traditional pattern at both time-points had a lower prevalence of first onset mood disorder (PR = 0.31; 95% CI 0.11-0.87). Participants who experienced a mood disorder during follow-up had a 1.07 higher relative risk of being in a higher Late pattern score category at follow-up than those without mood disorder (95% CI 1.00-1.14).Conclusions: Non-traditional eating patterns, particularly skipped or delayed breakfast, may be associated with mood disorders.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Wilson, JE and Blizzard, L and Gall, SL and Magnussen, CG and Oddy, WH and Dwyer, T and Sanderson, K and Venn, AJ and Smith, KJ
Keywords: chronobiology, depression, diet, eating pattern, meal pattern, mental health, mood disorder, skipped breakfast, snacking, young adult
Journal or Publication Title: Psychological Medicine
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
ISSN: 0033-2917
DOI / ID Number: 10.1017/S0033291719002800
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 Cambridge University Press

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