Open Access Repository

Understanding the microscale spatial distribution and mineralogical residency of Re in pyrite: Examples from carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb ores and implications for pyrite Re-Os geochronology

Hnatyshin, D, Creaser, RA, Meffre, S ORCID: 0000-0003-2741-6076, Stern, RA, Wilkinson, JJ and Turner, EC 2020 , 'Understanding the microscale spatial distribution and mineralogical residency of Re in pyrite: Examples from carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb ores and implications for pyrite Re-Os geochronology' , Chemical Geology: An International Journal, vol. 533 , doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.119427.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Accurate and precise geochronology using the Re-Os isotopic system in pyrite is an invaluable tool for developing and confirming genetic models of ore systems. However, as a bulk method, the results produced by pyrite Re-Os geochronology are commonly complex, and many imprecise isochrons exist in the literature. Using LA-ICPMS methods it is now possible to map and quantify Re distribution at the ppb level, allowing an unprecedented look into the Re-Os systematics of pyrite-bearing ore.Two samples from the Lisheen Zn-Pb ore deposit in Ireland showing disparate Re-Os isotopic behavior were investigated. In-situ sulfur isotope measurements using SIMS, an analytical technique not previously attempted on the Irish deposits, was used to supplement the Re-Os dataset. A massive pyrite sample from the Main Zone produced a precise, low-scatter isochron (346.6 ± 3.0 Ma, MSWD = 1.6). The Re distribution in this sample is relatively homogeneous, with the Re budget dominated by pyrite containing 1–5 ppb Re, but the δ34S varies significantly from −45.2‰ to 8.2‰. A second, more paragenetically complex, sample from the Derryville Zone produced a younger age with high scatter (322 ± 11 Ma, MSWD = 206) and this also displays a large variation in δ34S (−53‰ to +4‰). The cores of grains of main-stage iron sulfide are depleted in trace elements and show low Re abundances (A second Re-Os dataset from Zn-Pb mineralization at Hawker Creek, Nunavut, Canada was produced from massive pyrite that displays low Re concentrations (In general, therefore, the complexities of pyrite Re-Os geochronology can result from impurities in mineral separates. Attempts to eliminate impurities through different mineral separation techniques (e.g. crushing, heavy liquid separation, magnetic separation, acid leaching) are frequently only partially successful and therefore full characterization of any resulting mineral separates is extremely important. We conclude that LA-ICPMS mapping of Re and Mo distributions is essential for the identification of such impurities. Although other trace element LA-ICPMS maps, in-situ sulfur isotope measurements, and petrographic evidence were of limited use in assessing the Re budget of a sample, they are invaluable in linking the documented Re distribution obtained through LA-ICPMS to Re-Os geochronological results.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Hnatyshin, D and Creaser, RA and Meffre, S and Stern, RA and Wilkinson, JJ and Turner, EC
Keywords: Re-Os geochronology, LA-ICPMS, Zn-Pb ore deposits, Sulfur isotopes, pyrite, Lisheen
Journal or Publication Title: Chemical Geology: An International Journal
Publisher: Elsevier BV
ISSN: 0009-2541
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.119427
Copyright Information:

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Related URLs:
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP