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Distinct iron cycling in a Southern Ocean eddy

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Ellwood, MJ, Strzepek, RF ORCID: 0000-0002-6442-7121, Strutton, PG ORCID: 0000-0002-2395-9471, Trull, TW, Fourquez, M and Boyd, PW ORCID: 0000-0001-7850-1911 2020 , 'Distinct iron cycling in a Southern Ocean eddy' , Nature Communications, vol. 11, no. 1 , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14464-0.

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Abstract

Mesoscale eddies are ubiquitous in the iron-limited Southern Ocean, controlling ocean-atmosphere exchange processes, however their influence on phytoplankton productivity remains unknown. Here we probed the biogeochemical cycling of iron (Fe) in a cold-core eddy. In-eddy surface dissolved Fe (dFe) concentrations and phytoplankton productivity were exceedingly low relative to external waters. In-eddy phytoplankton Fe-to-carbon uptake ratios were elevated 2–6 fold, indicating upregulated intracellular Fe acquisition resulting in a dFe residence time of ~1 day. Heavy dFe isotope values were measured for in-eddy surface waters highlighting extensive trafficking of dFe by cells. Below the euphotic zone, dFe isotope values were lighter and coincident with peaks in recycled nutrients and cell abundance, indicating enhanced microbially-mediated Fe recycling. Our measurements show that the isolated nature of Southern Ocean eddies can produce distinctly different Fe biogeochemistry compared to surrounding waters with cells upregulating iron uptake and using recycling processes to sustain themselves.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ellwood, MJ and Strzepek, RF and Strutton, PG and Trull, TW and Fourquez, M and Boyd, PW
Keywords: iron, southern ocean, biogeochemistry, eddy
Journal or Publication Title: Nature Communications
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2041-1723
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41467-020-14464-0
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s) 2020. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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