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Evidence for different types of errors being associated with different types of post-error changes

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Damaso, K, Williams, P and Heathcote, A ORCID: 0000-0003-4324-5537 2020 , 'Evidence for different types of errors being associated with different types of post-error changes' , Psychonomic Bulletin and Review , doi: 10.3758/s13423-019-01675-w.

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Abstract

Errors in simple choice tasks result in systematic changes in the response time and accuracy of subsequent trials. We propose that there are at least two different causes of choice errors – response speed and evidence quality, which result in different types of post-error changes. We explore these differences in types of errors and post-error changes in two recognition memory experiments with speed versus accuracy emphasis conditions that differentially produce response-speed and evidence-quality errors. Under conditions that give rise to more response-speed errors, we find evidence of traditional post-error slowing. Under conditions that give rise to evidence-quality errors, we find evidence of post-error speeding. We propose a broadening of theories of cognitive control to encompass maladaptive as well as adaptive strategies, and discuss implications for the use of post-error changes to measure cognitive control.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Damaso, K and Williams, P and Heathcote, A
Keywords: choice behavior, cognitive control, automaticity
Journal or Publication Title: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review
Publisher: Psychonomic Soc Inc
ISSN: 1069-9384
DOI / ID Number: 10.3758/s13423-019-01675-w
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 The Psychonomic Society, Inc. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. The final authenticated version is available online at:

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