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Echocardiographic risk assessment to guide screening for atrial fibrillation

Ramkumar, S, Ochi, A, Kawakami, H, Yang, H, Potter, EL, D'Elia, N, Negishi, T, Negishi, K ORCID: 0000-0002-9086-2565 and Marwick, TH ORCID: 0000-0001-9065-0899 2019 , 'Echocardiographic risk assessment to guide screening for atrial fibrillation' , Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 32, no. 10 , pp. 1259-1267 , doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2019.07.003.

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Abstract

Background: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is a significant population health burden, and an avoidable cause of stroke, AF screening remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether coincidental echocardiography could provide information about patients at risk for AF.Methods: Asymptomatic participants ≥65 years of age with more than one AF risk factor (N = 445) undergoing echocardiography for risk evaluation were followed over a median of 15 months for incident AF. Left atrial volume index (LAVi), left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS; absolute value), left atrial (LA) strain, and LV mass were measured. During the follow-up period, AF was diagnosed clinically by primary care physicians or by using a single-lead portable electrocardiographic monitoring device (five 60-sec recordings performed by participants over 1 week).Results: AF was diagnosed in 45 patients (10%; mean age, 70.5 ± 4.2 years; 55% women). AF detection was higher in those with LV hypertrophy, GLS 34 mL/m2, and LA reservoir strain P P P > .05). GLS and LAVi were the strongest predictors, and cut points of 14.3% for GLS and 39 mL/m2 were associated with increased risk for developing AF. Those with all four risk parameters (LV hypertrophy, GLS 34 mL/m2) had a 60% AF detection rate, compared with 7% without these features (P = .004).Conclusion: Echocardiography is widely used in patients at risk for AF, and simple LV and LA measurements may be used to enrich the process of AF screening.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ramkumar, S and Ochi, A and Kawakami, H and Yang, H and Potter, EL and D'Elia, N and Negishi, T and Negishi, K and Marwick, TH
Keywords: atrial fibrillation, left atrium, screening, strain
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Publisher: Mosby
ISSN: 0894-7317
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.echo.2019.07.003
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2019 American Society of Echocardiography

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